Namus (Armenian: Նամուս, meaning “honor”) is a 1925 silent film by Hamo Beknazarian, based on Alexander Shirvanzade’s 1885 novel of the same name, which denounces the despotic rites and customs of Caucasian families. It is widely recognized as the first Armenian feature film.
The Democratic Republic of Armenia was occupied by the Soviet army in November 1920, though the stable Communist government wasn’t established after the February Uprising was suppressed in 1921. The Armenfilm studio was founded two years later, on April 16, 1923 as the State Cinema Organisation.
Hamo Beknazarian, who was an actor prior to the 1917 Revolution, became actively involved in directing films after the Bolsheviks took over. Namus became his first notable work as a director.
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Production and reaction
Namus first premiered in Yerevan’s Nairi Theatre on April 13, 1926. On October 3 of the same year, the film was presented in Moscow. A poster in Leningrad in 1926 called Namus the “biggest blockbuster of the season”.
When asked about the film, Hamo Beknazarian said “I wanted to set the power of custom in the pillory, that stupid force of the concept of “father’s honor”. The film had incredible success and brought Beknazarian to fame in the Soviet Union, which helped him in his later works, making him the founder of Armenian cinematography.
Restoration of the movie
The first attempt to restore the film was made in the 1960s, when it was voiced. In 2005 Namus was digitally restored by Franco-German network Arte. This version was first shown in Cinéma Le Balzac in Paris in November 2005 and then in Moscow Cinema in Yerevan in April 2010.
The story is set in the Caucasian city of Shemakh, which was a provincial town in pre-revolutionary Russia. The love story involves Seyran, a son of a potter, who secretly meets with Susan, to whom he is engaged. The Armenian customs didn’t tolerate this and strictly prohibited such behavior.
When a neighbor catches them during one of their secret meetings, rumors of their actions spread around the neighborhood and her family decides to marry her to another man, in order to restore the family’s honor. They choose Rustam, a rich merchant, for Susan to marry.
Seyran slanders Susan by saying that he owns her. Rustam kills Susan, considering himself disgraced by Seyran’s actions. And the end Seyran commits suicide upon hearing about his lover’s death.
Hovhannes Abelian as Barkhudar
Taguhi Hakobian (hy, ru) as Mariam
Olga Maysurian (hy) as Gyulnaz
Hrachia Nersisyan as Rustam
Avet Avetisian (hy, ru) as Hayrapet
Nina Manucharian (hy, ru) as Shpanik
Samvel Mkhrtchian (hy) as Seyran
Maria Shahbutian-Tatieva as Susan
Hambardzum Khachanian (hy, ru) as Badal
Levon Aleksanian as Susambar
Hripsime Melikian (hy) as Sanam
Amasia Martirosian (ru) as Smbat
Mikayel Garagash (hy) as shopkeeper
Husik Muradian (hy) as dancing child
Elizaveta Adamian as Mariam’s friend
Tigran Shamirkhanian (hy) as a Zurna blower
Armen Gulakian (hy) in episodes
Pahare (hy) as pub owner