The transition from the Ottoman Empire to the Turkish Republic has not only occurred in the context of war and massacres in Anatolia and Asia Minor, but also a revolution in every sense of the word – and obviously political social, cultural and economic but also made in a very modern and progressive vision by Mustafa Kemal.
[ad id=”1838″]One of the attributes of the new Turkey was a new language. The ancient language Ottoman Turkish, was a fairly rich language, heavily influenced by Persian and Arabic, as well as the other languages of the Empire communities such as Greeks, Armenians and Slavs. All this began to change from the 1920s, and is still undergoing changes with the regulations of the Association of Turkish Language.
The writing of the language was largely changed visually through a modified form of the Arabic alphabet to a modified Latin script (the same used by the English). So a Turk today, even being well educated, would not only be unable to simply read the letters of Ottoman Turkish, he or she may only enter certain words not to mention certain grammatical forms. The change was very radical. It was a real break in the story, which took place in less than a generation.
But that was the spearhead of reform? Who helped reshape the writing and expression of a whole nation? It is simply that some Hagop Martayan, a native of Istanbul. It was a linguist who spoke many languages, including Armenian, Turkish, Greek, English, Latin, Russian, and others. He fought in the Turkish War of Independence, and attracted the attention of Kemal, who was chosen to lead the reforms of the Turkish language. Martayan was Secretary General of the Association of Turkish Language and also contributed later to the Turkish Encyclopedia.
With the entry into force of the law on surnames in 1934 (family names were used before only by the Armenians and other minorities), Mustafa Kemal Atatürk became the “Father of the Turks” – and gave Hagop Agop or in the name of Dilaçar – “Opener Languages”. A. Dilaçar, named his Armenian roots to hide from what we said about him, has devoted his life to the Turkish language, while producing Armenian work. He died in 1979.
Martayan Dilaçar is not the only Hagop to have left its mark in the new Turkey. With its new name, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk needed a new signature, a creation become a ubiquitous national symbol in this country, we could compare to the flag and representations of the founder of modern Turkey. This creation was also designed by an Armenian, Hagop a second, this time named Çerçiyan. Renowned professor Robert College (that also frequented Martayan Dilaçar) Hagop Çerçiyan had studied Palmer Method Method of cursive in the United States. He was approached by former students who are now significant people, to create the official signing of the Turkish leader. It took him a day to offer his creation, which was quickly accepted.[scroller style=”sc2″ title_size=”17″ display=”cats” cats=”28″ orderby=”rand”]